A purchase order is one of the necessary types of paperwork that many business owners dread. The purchase order process is often long and complex and requires large amounts of back and forth communication. Too often, information gets lost in this type of disorganized communication – and even when it doesn’t get lost, it’s difficult to keep track of everything.
But this bureaucratic pain is no longer necessary thanks to the advent of purchase order process automation.
A Look Into the Purchase Order Process
The purchase order process is the entire journey of a purchase order. It’s part of every organization’s overall procurement process. It includes its creation, the approval of the order, dispatch, delivery, invoicing, closure, budget checks, contract management, quality checks, and anything else that is required for an order to be fulfilled.
For this process to be clear for all parties involved — the sales rep, managers, and buyers — establishing a proper flow is key.
Here is what one possible purchase order process flow could look like (yours will vary depending on your business requirements):
In this example, the process conditionally requires the approval of a VP if the amount exceeds a certain threshold.
What Are Purchase Order Processes Used For?
The main goal of a purchase order process is to manage orders and expectations surrounding this order. When a clear process is established, all parties involved understand what will happen at what step of the flow.
This helps to clear up misunderstandings and errors in communication.
However, their use goes way beyond fixing communication. A proper purchase order process also helps you track your paperwork, which will, in turn, make it easier to keep your budget in check.
For instance, imagine how your finance department would react if they received an invoice for several hundred thousand dollars due within 30 days. Without a properly organized purchase order process, the finance department won’t always be warned – this makes it needlessly difficult for them to do their job.
Having a proper paper trail is also vital when you’re audited. Your purchase order process can provide evidence of a transaction in the case of a financial audit, thus protecting you when it comes to the legal aspect of your finances. If you don’t have a proper process and tend to usually note down orders on a piece of paper, this isn’t proof enough for auditors.
What is a Purchase Order Form?
Every purchase order process starts with a form that’s filled in with information about the PO and is then routed around according to business requirements.
The purchase order form becomes a legally binding document once it is accepted and signed by the vendor. This document outlines everything the customer and the vendor need to know about an order.
Purchase order forms are the single point of reference in the case of a dispute or an issue in clarity. In 2014, a federal court ruled that purchase orders are an enforceable contract between two parties in the case of MidAtlantic International Inc. vs. AGC Flat Glass North America Inc. If your process requires the supplier to accept the PO, it serves as a legally binding document and can be used to address any discrepancies.
What Should a Purchase Order Include?
Your purchase order must contain everything necessary to clarify the purchasing process. This includes the items in the order, price, delivery expectations, payment terms, and so on.
A typical purchase order form might look like this:
Types of Purchase Order Forms
- Standard: This is your typical PO that’s used to make one-off orders for products or services. They’re usually made when a specific need arises within your company.
- Planned: For planned POs, everything is specified except for the delivery date. This type of PO is usually made when you can anticipate a particular need. For businesses that need to upkeep office supplies, for instance, this is a great way to make an agreement with a supplier for future deliveries.
- Blanket: Similar to planned POs, blanket POs don’t have a specific date OR amount of the product or service. This is used to agree on terms and conditions as well as budgeting limits, but the specifics are figured out only later. Blanket POs are useful to guarantee better pricing from a supplier, since you’re establishing a need over a long period of time.
- Contract: Contract POs are the loosest type – they act as a formal agreement between the supplier and the client, but don’t establish specifics for products or services. These are used to establish legally binding terms and conditions to create a future flow when a client knows they want to work with a certain supplier.
Pitfalls of a Manual Purchase Order Process
Using a manual system, e.g. emailing an Excel spreadsheet around or even a paper form to process your purchase orders, leads to several challenges down the road.
Lack of Visibility
Without an automated system, it’s difficult for all parties involved in a purchase to get visibility to all necessary documentation at once. You also can’t tell where you are in your process unless someone happens to tell you.
Lots of Paperwork Generated
Running a business already involves too much paperwork. While some of it is unavoidable, you should aim to reduce paper where possible. A manual purchase order process just adds to the pile of paperwork and makes it increasingly difficult to stay organized.
Dependent on Human Intervention
For the process to move along, only humans can act – this requires the employee making the initial PO to send an email or walk up to their manager for a signature, then remember to follow-up with the vendor. So many details can go wrong – for instance, if the manager is traveling or the email is sent to the wrong person, the process is unnecessarily delayed.
The smallest details can cause a bottleneck when you’re using a manual PO process. What if you run out of printed PO forms? What if your manager misplaces the form they were supposed to sign?
This may sound kind of ridiculous, but these things do happen and waste valuable time!
You need to comply with business or regulatory requirements, but manual processing makes this difficult. You can’t track the exact process for every order, so how do you know if the process is being followed to the letter every time?
Prone to Errors and Inaccuracies
Human error is unavoidable. This isn’t because people are unreliable – it’s just a part of human nature.
Even the best employee can have an off day and make a mistake. When this happens, you shouldn’t default to blaming your employees – instead, take a good look at your process. Errors are bound to happen over time.
What is Purchase Order Automation?
Now that you understand all the challenges of a manual purchase order process, let’s see how purchase order automation helps overcome them.
Purchase order automation is the process of using electronic purchase requisition and purchase order forms and routing to streamline the entire process.
Instead of relying on a human-driven manual process, you rely on a solid system that automates every step.
Why Automated Purchase Order Forms Are Necessary: 9 Key Benefits
In short, purchase order automation helps you solve all of the pitfalls you’ll encounter in a manual process.
Here are nine of the best reasons for companies to opt for purchase order automation.
1. Fewer Errors
Manually creating purchase orders can lead to errors for several reasons. Handwriting may be illegible and misinterpreted or fields may accidentally be left blank. Mistakes could result in an unnecessary back and forth that wastes both parties’ time. Automated purchase orders remove the chance of illegible text or missing information.
2. Save Time and Money
Purchase order automation allows all of your vendors and their information to be stored in one place. Nobody needs to waste time searching for form information. Nothing needs to be mailed or faxed. Orders can be sent instantly and a record is automatically saved.
Since the automated system saves time, it allows your staff to focus on other essential tasks. Less wasted time means you save money. A study by APQC found manual purchase orders can cost companies as much as $506.52 per purchase order. Automation can significantly reduce that number.
3. Improve Security
Filing cabinets filled with papers and emails are not a secure place to store confidential information. Automated systems keep your records safe and are only visible to people set up with permissions. Rather than using passwords, you can choose to integrate with your existing authentication and authorization systems.
4. Reduce Waste
Companies create way more paper waste than necessary. When purchase orders change from paper to digital, you’ll substantially reduce the amount of paper your company uses. Using less paper saves you money, helps the environment, and improves your image as a green company.
5. Save Space
Say goodbye to rows of filing cabinets stuffed with copies of purchase orders. Your purchase order information is safe on the software’s repository. You can also choose to save it to an external database, store it on a SharePoint site, save on Google Drive, or elsewhere. With multiple digital backups in place, you don’t need your valuable workspace to be jammed with filing cabinets.
6. Unlock Productivity
For most growing companies, time is precious. There are never enough hours in the day to get things done and tasks like manually processing POs isn’t just tedious and time consuming — it’s a significant barrier to growth. Imagine how much more time your team could spend on important tasks like planning and executing rather than rote paperwork, documentation, and manual review.
7. Greater Visibility
Automation makes it easier to see where your money is being spent. You can quickly compare each department’s spending and if a vendor relationship seems profitable. A simple search through documents can show you pending orders, the status of orders, and any payments due.
8. Ensure Compliance
When you begin using your purchase automation software, you’ll have the ability to set any rules you find necessary. You choose which team members are allowed to request products and who has the authority to approve requests. The software will ensure your rules are followed so you don’t have to worry about it.
9. Less Guesswork
Automation can be set to be as comprehensive as you like. You can limit purchasing to specific dollar thresholds or certain items. If you want, some employees could have higher spending limits than others. Decision making becomes faster when you take out the guesswork and you can avoid any miscommunications resulting in overspending.
A Step-by-Step Guide to Creating an Efficient and Automated Purchase Order Process
With all this in mind, how do you set up an efficient process for your purchase order forms? Here is a step-by-step process for establishing a proper workflow.
Step 1: Purchase Order Creation
When an employee within your organization needs to create a new purchase order, your system should allow them to create this PO online.
The automated PO form should include vital fields that the employee can fill in. Where possible, fields such as employee name or today’s date should be auto-populated.
Using frevvo, you’ll have the option to either customize a fully functional, pre-built template or create your own from scratch. Simply drag and drop in our intuitive designer to create or adjust forms. No coding or design experience is required and you can easily create your exact PO form.
Whatever approach you take, purchase order forms typically include:
- Date purchase order was created
- Your company’s contact information
- Vendor contact information
- Item numbers, descriptions, and quantities
- Price breakdown, including discounts
- Shipping address and expected delivery date
For repeat users, auto-fill can help you save time by finishing details you start to type. It’s vital to have a standardized form with all of the necessary information each party needs to see.
In the above example, you can see that all the necessary fields already exist and several are automatically filled in. When the employee inputs information, validation ensures that all required fields are filled in and the data in each field is valid.
This helps eliminate data input errors and helps the employee create the PO much faster than if they needed to input everything manually.
Step 2: Use Workflow Designer to Customize Where the Purchase Orders Will Go
One of the great things about frevvo’s purchase order automation solution is that it automatically routes POs once employees have filled them out. Simply use frevvo’s workflow designer to arrange each step of where the order goes and who needs to approve it.
There’s no complex coding or setup required. Just add in each step using the visual editor, specify what happens at each stage. In the next step, we’ll use the visual rule builder to define any conditional logic needed in the workflow (e.g., only POs above $10,000 require approval from the VP.)
Step 3: Use frevvo’s Visual Rule Builder to Add Business Logic and Conditional Routing
Some purchase orders will be need to be seen by company higher-ups if they exceed a certain dollar amount or involve specified products or services. POs are also easier to use if they perform calculations and pre-fill fields automatically.
Use frevvo’s Visual Rule Builder to add conditions and business logic as needed. It’s easy and 100% visual. If you can use a spreadsheet, you can create business logic.:
Step 4: Test the New Purchase Order Workflow
As noted earlier, one of the hazards of manual purchase order approval process is that forms and records can easily go missing.
With frevvo, once an employee has filled out a purchase order and a manager and finance department representative (or anyone else designated in the chain of command) gives their approval, the form is automatically sent to all parties. This helps ensure that companies will have legible, accurate, and securely-stored purchase orders.
Let’s take a closer look at the previous example:
In this frevvo sample, you can see there is a ‘Send to Manager’ button available to the employee. With one click of that button, the PO is sent to the right person – and that’s all there is to it. The system automatically figures out who the right manager is, and routes to that individual.
Step 5: Manager Verifies Request
The system automatically notifies the manager once a PO request for approval is pending.
From there, the automated process allows the manager to approve, deny, or send back the form for correction. We all know how busy managers can get so the system includes a mechanism to remind them or even escalate to someone else if the PO is not approved in a timely manner.
This systems also allow digital signatures – this avoids unnecessary printing and scanning of documents. Everything is handled from the same online app.
Everything also works seamlessly on mobile devices; a manager who is traveling can process the PO from anywhere.
As you can see above, approval takes a single click, just like the original PO creation.
A good process also enables the manager to make comments – without this functionality, managers may decide to send comments by email, which makes it difficult to track all the information that was exchanged about the PO.
Step 6: Notify Employee Upon Approval
When all parties have approved the PO, an efficient system automatically notifies the employee who originally created the form.
At the same time, the process automatically moves to the next step.
Step 7: Send to Vendor
The vendor receives an approved copy of the PO with all the needed signatures. From there, the vendor can sign the PO and prepare an invoice. This signature requires no printing since it is electronic. It ensures acceptance by the vendor and creates a legal binding contract.
Step 8: Notify the Finance Department
Finally, an efficient automated sales order process sends a notification to your finance department.
This allows the department to prepare for the incoming invoice. It also lets them know of all the terms and conditions involved in the transaction.
Wrapping it Up
Automating your purchase order forms allows you to get rid of all the extra steps of the process that are needlessly weighing you down, whether it’s printing, data entry, tracking down lost POs, or sifting through endless email threads.
All of that paperwork can be automated for increased profits, reduced errors, and an overall higher ROI for the entire process.
To get started, try frevvo today and see how easily you can automate your purchase order processing — and hundreds of other operations tasks — with no coding required.